On Tuesday, House Democratic leadership introduced the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act (HEROES) Act, their proposal for Phase 4 coronavirus response legislation. The $3 trillion bill focuses on funding for states and local governments, including first responders, extends family and medical leave programs, provides eviction and foreclosure protection, and extends work visas for certain immigrants, among other provisions. The House will return to Washington tomorrow to vote on the bill, along with a resolution to authorize remote voting by proxy and provide for official remote committee proceedings. The HEROES Act will not pass the Republican-controlled Senate, but is Democrats’ opening proposal for what will likely be lengthy negotiations around a Phase 4 bill. Senate Republicans and the White House have made clear that they prefer to give existing relief programs more time to take effect before moving ahead with another round of legislation.
The Senate was in session this week and committees held a series of hearings related to COVID-19. On Tuesday, the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee held a hearing on “Safely Getting Back to Work and School.” Chairman Alexander (R-TN) chaired the hearing remotely after one of his staffers tested positive for COVID-19; the witnesses, including Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Director Dr. Robert Redfield and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Director Dr. Anthony Fauci also testified remotely after potential exposure at the White House. The Senate Judiciary Committee also held a hearing on liability issues related to the public health emergency. On Wednesday, a Senate Commerce Committee hearing focused on the state of broadband amid the pandemic. This morning, the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Health held a hearing on “Protecting Scientific Integrity in COVID-19 Response.”
On Monday, President Trump announced that the Administration will distribute $11 billion, as well as 12 million swabs, to states, territories, and tribes for testing. The Treasury Department, Small Business Administration (SBA), and Federal Reserve also continue to implement CARES Act relief programs. Last night, the Treasury published a new Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) interim final rule on loan increases. This week, the Treasury also updated PPP FAQs on, published Coronavirus Relief Fund payments to states and eligible units of local government, and announced it has approved over $25 billion in Payroll Support Program assistance to 352 applicants in the aviation industry. SBA continues to update data on PPP Round 2 loans. The Federal Reserve updated the term sheet and FAQs for the Municipal Liquidity Facility (MLF) to provide pricing and other information and updated the term sheet and FAQs for the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF), which will initially make up to $100 billion of loans available to help ensure consumers and businesses can access credit at affordable terms.
Elsewhere, the President and federal agencies continue to take other steps to respond to the outbreak, including, but not limited to:
- The Department of Transportation (DOT) announced a second Enforcement Notice regarding airline ticket refunds during the COVID-19 emergency and issued a Notice of Adjustments to Service Obligations, an opportunity for incremental adjustments to service obligations under a previous Order that allows covered carriers to reduce service amid the pandemic.
- The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced a temporary final rule to change certain H-2B requirements to help support the US food supply chain, maintain essential infrastructure operations, and reduce the impact from the COVID-19 public health emergency.
- The Department of Labor (DOL) issued guidance announcing the availability of $100 million in CARES Act funding for short-time compensation grant funds for states and issued guidance and reminders to states to ensure the integrity of unemployment insurance programs, including the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance, Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation, and Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs.
- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued guidance for companies developing drugs and biological products for COVID-19 treatment and prevention and guidance on meeting requests for COVID-19 related drugs and biological products.
- The US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) announced a new pilot program will prioritize certain patent applications for products or processes that are subject to an applicable FDA approval for COVID-19 use.
- The Department of Defense (DOD) announced it is using 3D printers to manufacture low-cost emergency ventilators and announced a $138 million contract to expand capability for domestically manufactured, medical-grade injections devices suitable for combating COVID-19 when a proven vaccine becomes available.
A complete overview of both congressional and Administrative response efforts is available here and updated daily.
The House will pass the HEROES Act on Friday, largely, if not entirely, along party lines. It remains to be seen when bicameral negotiations on a Phase 4 bill will begin. Next week, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell will testify on Tuesday before the Senate Banking Committee during a hearing on “The Quarterly CARES Act Report to Congress.” The House Appropriations Subcommittee on Veterans Affairs will also hold a hearing on the Department’s response to COVID-19.
- Federal Response Timeline
- New Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports:
- IRS Guidance Says No Deduction is Allowed for Business Expenses Paid with Forgiven PPP Loans
- COVID-19 and China: A Chronology of Events
- Offshore Royalty Relief: Status During the COVID-19 Pandemic
- The Impact of COVID-19 Forbearances on the Federal Mortgage Finance System
- COVID-19: The Employee Retention Tax Credit
- COVID-19 and Public Water Service Continuity
- Helping US Citizens Abroad During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Other International Crises: Role of the Department of State
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Live Map
- KFF: State Data and Policy Actions to Address Coronavirus
Read more in McGuireWoods Consulting’s Emerging Technologies Washington Update.